There are several things that can cause a loss of bone structure in your jaw. Advanced gum disease, severe tooth decay, deep fractures from injury can all can result in loss of material in the bones that anchor your teeth. Bone grafts are most commonly performed in advance of someone receiving a dental implant. This insures that there is sufficient healthy bone material to anchor the implant for years to come.
During the initial consultation your oral surgeon or periodontist will take some X-rays or a CT scan. This gives them key insights into how much healthy bone is available as well as any other factors involved. This is also a good time to let them know about any medications you are taking or other medical conditions.
The bone graft procedure is usually performed on outpatient basis. Most people opt for deep sedation for comfort. This means you will need to arrange for someone to drive you and help you at home until you are back on your feet.
The material for the graft can be taken from two likely sources. Some people choose to have it extracted from their chin or if you prefer a cadaver sample can used. The surgeon then makes an incision in the gums and implants the bone graft in place. The recovery time varies depending on age, overall health and how well you take care of the gum tissues afterward.
If you have questions about a bone graft procedure, please feel free to call us at 918.743.1351 to schedule an appointment.